Thailand lies in Southeast Asia and has 65.9 million inhabitants (2009). It is bordered by Laos, Cambodia, Malaysia and Myanmar (formerlyBurma). Thailand also has coastline on the Gulf of Thailand (Gulf of Siam) to the east and the Andaman Sea in the west - which is part of the Indian Ocean.
The landscape consists of mountains in the north, Khoratplatået the east, the plains of central and Malayahalvøya in the south - where the central and north-eastern part belongs to Thailand. The highest peak is Doi Inthanon, which is 2565 meters above sea level
Thailand has a tropical monsoon climate with over 20 degrees Celsius all year round.
The capital Bangkok is the country's largest city, with 7.1 million inhabitants (2009).Metropolitan region has about 12 million inhabitants. Bangkok is located on the Chao Phraya River - 40 km north of the Gulf of Thailand and is one of Southeast Asia's main financial centers. Bangkok is a popular tourist destination with over 15 million visitors annually. Townscape is dominated by skyscrapers, and Bangkok has some of the world's best hotels, as well as excellent shopping opportunities - with more than 250 shopping centers and department stores. A well-known tourist attraction in Bangkok is Wat Phra Kaew - a Buddhist temple from 1782 - which is characterized by its numerous pinnacles.
Other major cities: Nakhon Ratchasima, Udon Thani , Nakhon Sawan, Chiang Mai and Phuket .
On the coast of central and southern Thailand are long and inviting beaches, fine hotels and crystal clear water. The famous and touristy Phuket offers a paradise beach, great shopping and a vibrant nightlife.
The main airport in Thailand's Suvarnabhumi Airport , located 25 km east of the capital.(The airport is also called the "New Bangkok International Airport").
The country's second busiest airport is Phuket International Airport , located approx. 30 km from Phuket city center.
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