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Turku (Swedish: Åbo) is located in the southwest corner of Finland , where the river Aura runs out in the Archipelago Sea – that is, the waters between the Gulf of Finland and Gulf of Bothnia.Archipelago Sea (Saaristomeri) is also the name of Finland’s largest archipelago, located here. Turku, which has about 180,000 inhabitants (2007), belongs to the landscape Finland Proper (Varsinais Suomi).
Historically, Turku for long periods had a strong Swedish elements, but today is 88% of the population speaking Finnish.
Turku, founded in the 1200s, is Finland’s oldest city – and was in the Middle Ages also the most important. Several preserved buildings documenting the city’s importance, including Turku Cathedral at the end of the 1200s (Finland’s national shrine) and Turku Castle, which was built in 1280’s.
Otherwise, there are a number of cultural sights in Turku. Here, Turku / Turku Art Museum is named, which is housed in a monumental building from 1891 in nyromantisk style. The Crafts Museum Kloster Backen is a popular destination. In reality are we talking about an entire town from the 1700s that has been preserved almost in its entirety. Two of the special museum also has a large tourist influx Forum Marineum (a maritime museum, where among other things, can experience the magnificent full-rigged Suomen Joutsa from 1902) and Sibelius Museum (with a large instrument collection, including surviving notes and manuscripts from Finland world-famous composer, Jean Sibelius).
Families often choose an excursion to the small neighboring town of Naantali (Swedish: Naantali), 18 km west of Turku, since we find that the great adventure park Muumimaailma (Mumin’s World). It is based on the Tove Jansson’s famous tales of Moomin.